Baltic Fort Route


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Fortress Kołobrzeg (Kołobrzeg)
Fort Münde in the Centre
of Sea Tourism

Built in the 18th century and modernized in the first half of the 19th century, Fort Münde and its lighthouse from 1945 are the symbols of the city. Situated at the delta of the Persante River into the Baltic Sea, it dominates the view from the six kilometer long beaches of the Sea Resort Kołobrzeg.
It reminds of the city‘s former fortress history and its rich moving past.

 

Fortress Kołobrzeg - Kołobrzeg
beach, fortress and live

City:

Postal Adress:

Municipality of Kołobrzeg
Architecture and Town planning
Department
ul. Ratuszowa 13
PL-78–100 Kołobrzeg
www.kolobrzeg.pl

Tourist info points:
Next to Railway station
ul. Dworcowa 1
PL-78–100 Kołobrzeg
Phone/Fax: +48 (0)94 / 352 79 39
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Main in the city centre
pl. Ratuszowy 2/1
PL-78–100 Kołobrzeg
Phone: +48 094 354 72 20
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www.turystyka.kolobrzeg.eu

Administration:
Person responsible for BFR
Karolina Bilska
(Architecture and Town
Planning Department)
Phone: +48 (0)94 / 35515 74
Fax: +48 (0)94 / 35515 72
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Fortress Objects:

Morast Redoute:
Ark Charter
ul. Warzelnicza 1
PL-78–100 Kołobrzeg
Phone: +48 (0)94 / 354 43 01
Fax: +48 (0)94 / 352 87 07
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www.arkcharter.portkolobrzeg.pl

Salinen Redoute (Management):
Usługi Edukacyjno–Rozrywkowe Tadeusz
Waśko & Violetta Nadolna
ul. Gierczak 36/4
PL-78-100 Kołobrzeg,
Phone: +48 (0)94 / 35 442 40
Mobile: +48 692 479 218
piracka– This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it
www.piracka–przygoda.webpark.pl

Fort Ujście/Munde:
Latarnia Morska Kołobrzeg
ul. Morska 1
PL-78-100 Kołobrzeg
Phone: +48 (0)94 / 35-204-47
Mobile: +48 502 058 767
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www.latarnia.kolobrzeg.pl

The hardest battles for Kołobrzeg were fought during the 7-years War. The fortress was besieged by the Russians three times until it was finally taken over in 1761. In 1807 the fortress was to strong to be taken over by Napoleon‘s army. Because of this it became a legend in German history and literature. In 1872 the city made the decision to demolish the fortress and since that time Kołobrzeg is a Sea Resort.

Until today only a few objects of the former fortress remained:

Gelders-Gate
It was built in 1708. The exit road from the fortress towards the West formed a large arc from the defended bridge over the Persante to the bridge at Holzgraben. Today it is privately owned.

Fortified bridge (Batardeau)
It is the only remaining bridge across the Persante of the medieval town and from the fortified period. There were gates to regulate the water level in the ditches and to conduct artificial flooding round the fortress. There are galleries with embrasures facilitated artillery and rifle fire along the river. The Northern Gallery still existed up to 1988.

Fort Münde
Built from 170 to 174, the fort had the form of a three-storey tower with a well similar to the forts that existed in France at that time. Its function was to defend the entrance to the port. It was rebuilt from 1832 to 1836. A lighthouse, built in 1945, now stands on the fort.

Morast-Redoubt
The redoubt was built from 1770 to 1774 on the northern tip of the Salt Island between the Persante and Holzgraben as part of the port defensive
system. Nowadays it is used as a marina.



Saltings Redoubt
The redoubt was built from 1832 to 1836 as part of the port defense system. It now acts as a water sports centre for the Polish scout
federation “Związek Harcerstwa Polskiego”.

Wolfsberg-Entrenchment (Fort Wilczy)
It was built in 1806/1807 to defend the port entrance from the East, and scene to heavy fighting in 1807. It was extended from 1822 to 1836. The
interior of the entrenchment was converted to an amphitheatre in 1925.

Waldenfels-Entrenchment (Szaniec Kamienny)
The entrenchment was built from 1832 to 1836 to defend the port entrance and the coast from the East. At the end of the 19th century, it was converted into a restaurant. The entrenchment was used as defense area in March 1945.

 

Fort Wolfsberg (Management):
Agencja Imprez Artystycznych
ul. Okopowa 6A/4
PL-78–100 Kołobrzeg
Phone: +48 (0)94 / 35 411 51
www.amfiteatr.kolobrzeg.eu

Fortress events
Pirate Adventures July-August
Regatta
July-August
Summer Night Concerts in the Morast Redoubt July-August
The Caribbean Festival
August





Coast Fortress under
Wallensteins Influence

The first modern defenses in Kołobrzeg were built by occupying city soldiers of Wallenstein‘s imperial army (November 30th, 1627 – February 1st, 1631). The weak points of medieval walls and towers were fortified from the outside with different sizes of earthwork defenses, mostly small strongholds. The building of earthwork defenses was continued by the new occupants – the Swedes (February 2nd, 1631 - June 15th, 1653). Then a regular stronghold Dutch-style polygon was created outside the medieval walls.

After the 30-years War, Kołobrzeg became part of Brandenburgia.
New lord and great elector Frederic William I granted the city the fortress status. First, Kołobrzeg was the capital of the Brandenburgian part of Pomerania. Here were the war harbor, the shipyard and the military academy.

Brandenburgian engineers gave the fortress its final shape. The city was surrounded by eight strongholds, horn work and tens of smaller defenses.
Besides the typical military architecture natural conditions in Kołobrzeg were used for military purposes: fens and swampy meadows. In case of war these low located areas were flooded by water from the river Parseta. For that the Batardeau at the bridge over the Parseta was used.

Relax and enjoy the Sea

Today, Kołobrzeg is one of the most famous Sea Resorts in Middle Europe. The city at the Baltic Sea has a very modern infrastructure that connects relaxing nature and high quality beaches with fun activity programs, culture and leisure all surrounded by great historical fortress buildings. Kołobrzeg is definitely worth a trip.



 

 
Webmaster: Wojciech Bien | This project is part-financed by the European Union (European Regional Development Fund) within the BSR INTERREG-III-B program |